Control block functions
  • Switch on, for jolt- and impact-free start-up
  • Shut off to isolate drive axes from fluid supply
  • Set-up mode, for moving at reduced speed
  • Short-circuiting of the chambers, for control-related damping optimisation

Function: shut-off
Shut-off block with shut-off function A-B

Directional valves, especially control valves, always leak due to their design. This is not relevant during operation, as the pressure supply provides sufficient volume flow. However, to prevent a cylinder from sinking under load in a pressureless state when installed vertically, lines A and B to the cylinder must be shut off separately.

Preferably, shut-off functions are integrated directly into valve plates and mounted directly onto the cylinder. This means that no hose connection is necessary between the valve block and the cylinder. Thus, the cylinder cannot sink even if the complete power supply fails or the hydraulic lines are damaged.

If leakages are to be expected in the hydraulic cylinder, e.g. due to functional oil of a floating gap seal, the functional oil lines must also be shut off separately accordingly.

In the case of hydraulic cylinders with throttle gap seals on the piston or hydrostatic bearings, this measure against sinking is not sufficient. Other precautions, such as a clamping unit, must be implemented here.

To prevent the piston rod, which is installed vertically downwards, from sinking, it is sufficient to shut off the rod side line. Shutting off both sides increases safety, however, as no pressure can then be applied on the piston side.

In combination with a safety control system, a performance level according to EN ISO 13849-1 up to PLe can be achieved by connecting two shut-off valves in series. In this case, the shut-off valves must be integrated into the control system with position monitoring according to EN ISO 13849-1 and the control system itself must meet the required safety standard.

Control block with shut-off function A-B for PLe

Control block with shut-off function A-B for PLe

Function: switch-on mode
Safety block - shut-off function with reduced speed

Especially in switch-on mode, a machine must have the possibility to move each drive axis in reduced speed. Depending on the requirements and risk assessment, it may be necessary to perform this setup circuit as a safety function. For this purpose, a fixed throttle or a throttle that cannot be adjusted without tools and is also suitably secured shall be used in the control block.

Control block with shut-off function A-B for Ple with reduced speed due to fixed throttle PLe

Control block with shut-off function A-B for PLe with reduced speed due to fixed throttle

In this circuit example of a control block, the flow required for the application with PLe in operation is separated by two shut-off valves V1 and V2.

Parallel to this, a bypass is set up with the shut-off valve V3 and the throttle V4, which provides a reduced flow for the switch-on operation.

Somit kann der Antrieb mit einer durch die Drossel sicher reduzierten Geschwindigkeit verfahren werden. Je nach Anwendung und Sicherheitserfordernis kann ein weiteres Sperrventil V5 notwendig sein, das die Drossel V4 mit dem Sperrventil V3 umschließt.

Technical data control block
Our switch-on block, a standardised valve block

The Hänchen switch-on block is a standardised valve block with integrated functions:

  • Adjustable low pressure for set-up operation in the range 10 to 100 bar
  • Adjustable reduced flow for set-up operation in the range of approx. 2 to 25 l/min.
  • Connection of high-pressure operation with defined pressure rise
Type Nominal flow
Port P Port T
1 65 G3/4 G3/4
2 130 G1 G1
3 250 G1 ½ G1 ½

The control block is made of galvanised steel and rated up to 280 bar.

The control block can be extended for further functions or designed in redundant form for applications with performance level up to PLe.

Control block as switch-on block
P AGG, T AGG: Connection on pump side (pressure supply)
P ZYL, T ZYL: Connection cylinder side (consumer)