Cushioning on the head side protects the hydraulic cylinder as well as the entire system.
Cushioning in hydraulic cylinders restricts the return flow shortly before the end of the stroke motion.
Cushioning can be regulated externally with an adjusting screw.
When starting from the cushioning, the entire piston area is pressurized immediately via non-return valves so that there is no loss of power or start-up delay.
The longer stroke time due to the delay caused by the cushioning must be taken into account for the drive system's cycle time.
Cushioning can only be effective if the stroke is utilized to full capacity.
In cylinders with cushioning on the head side, there is only a cushioning effect for the extension.
In these cylinders, there is no cushioning effect for the retracting movement.